Discrimination and violence against sexual minorities in Iran.
102 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
"Iranian law reflects the Iranian government's hostile attitude towards sexual minorities, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. Iran's penal code criminalizes all sexual relations outside traditional marriage, and specifically bans same-sex conduct, even if it is consensual. Threat of prosecution and serious punishment, including the death penalty, for those convicted of same-sex crimes constitutes discrimination against Iran's vulnerable sexual minorities. This report--based on interviews with more than 125 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Iranians inside and outside Iran over the past five years--documents discrimination and violence against Iran's lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender population, and others whose sexual practices and gender expression do not conform to the government's socio-religious norms. Human Rights Watch analyzed these abuses within the context of general systematic human rights violations that Iran's government perpetrates against its citizens, including arbitrary arrests and detentions, invasions of privacy, mistreatment and torture of detainees, and lack of due process and fair trial standards. The report also documents instances in which police and members of the hard-line basij paramilitary force--relying upon discriminatory laws to harass, arrest, and detain individuals suspected of being gay--allegedly ill-treated and sometimes tortured real or suspected LGBT people in public spaces and detention facilities. Several interviewees alleged that members of the security forces sexually assaulted or raped them. We are a Buried Generation: Discrimination and Violence Against Sexual Minorities in Iran calls on Iran's government to abolish all laws and other legislation under the Islamic Penal Code that criminalize consensual same-sex conduct, especially those that impose the death penalty, and to cease the harassment, arrest, detention, prosecution, and conviction of sexual minorities and persons who engage in consensual same-sex behavior. Human Rights Watch also calls on authorities to prosecute members of the security force who engage in such actions."--P.  of cover.
"This report was written by Faraz Sanei, researcher for the Middle East and North Africa division of Human Rights Watch."--P. 96.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note
Terminology Summary Recommendations To the Government of Iran To the Government of Turkey and other refugee-receiving states in the region To the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees To other concerned governments, including EU Member States, Canada, Australia, and the United States Methodology I.Legal framework under international law.The right to life The right to liberty and security Protection against torture and inhuman and degrading treatment Right to a "fair hearing" Non-discrimination and fundamental rights Medical treatment and protection of children II.Legal discrimination against sexual minorities.Prima facie discrimination against sexual minorities Other laws that may apply to sexual minorities Morality laws affecting sexual minorities Military exemption regulations III.The death penalty for same-sex acts.Executions for the crime of lavat (sodomy) Current death sentences for the crime of lavat Death sentences against juvenile offenders IV.Family, school and society.Harassment and abuse by family and relatives Medical and psychological treatment Harassment and abuse at school, university, and society at large V.Government harassment and abuse in public space VI.Government abuse stemming from invasions of privacy Home raids Internet surveillance VII.Ill-treatment and abuse by security forces during detention VIII.Abuses during administration of justice IX.Lesbian and bisexual women.Pressures to marry Lesbian and bisexual women in public space X. Transgender and transsexual iranians Sex reassignment surgery Afsaneh's story XI.Restrictions on Human Rights Defenders Working on Issues Affecting Sexual Minorities XII.The situation of Iranian LGBT refugees and asylum seekers Acknowledgments Appendix 1.Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Iranian Government requesting information for this report Appendix 2.Follow-up letter from Human Rights Watch to the Iranian Government requesting information for this report.
KMH2467.G39 S26 2010
Available in Other Form
Online version: Sanei, Faraz. "We are a buried generation" New York, NY : Human Rights Watch, c2010