"Aceh, alone among Indonesia's provinces, has been explicitly authorized by national law to adopt local Sharia laws. While supporters say such laws should promote social welfare and communal harmony, two such laws are being used to deny many people the right to make personal decisions central to the conduct of their lives and the expression of their faith, identity, and morals. One of the laws prohibits 'seclusion,' whereby it is a criminal offence in certain circumstances for unmarried individuals of opposite genders to associate together. The other imposes public dress requirements on all Muslims; while the dress law is gender-neutral on its face, in practice it imposes far more onerous restrictions on women than on men. Policing Morality documents the experiences of individuals in Aceh who have been accused of violating these two laws. It demonstrates how the laws violate Indonesia's constitutional protections for basic rights as well as international human rights law. The report also documents recent cases in which the Sharia police, regular police, and private individuals have enforced the laws in an abusive fashion. The laws are applied arbitrarily and selectively, and particularly affect women, the poor, and youths. Several suspects have been beaten or tortured. Policing Morality urges Indonesian and Acehnese authorities to repeal the two laws and ensure that all local regulations in force throughout Indonesia, including those purportedly based on Islam, comply with Indonesia's human rights obligations."--P.  of cover.
At head of cover title: Indonesia. "December 2010"--Table of contents page. "This report was written by Christen Broecker, New York University School of Law fellow working in Human Rights Watch's Asia division, based on field research conducted in April and May 2010. Elaine Pearson, deputy Asia director, and Joseph Saunders, deputy program director, edited the report."--P. 74.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note
Glossary Map of Aceh I. Summary Law against Khalwat (Seclusion) Islamic Dress Requirements The Status of the Laws Today Official Justifications for the "Seclusion" and Muslim Dress Laws Methodology II. Background Sharia Law and the Approach of the Aceh Qanuns GAM's Reaction to the Implementation of Sharia Law Resolution of the Conflict in Aceh and Post-War Sharia Implementation III. Sharia Enforcement in Aceh The role of the Wilayatul Hisbah Community Participation in Sharia Enforcement and Traditional Dispute Resolution IV. Four Illustrative Cases Sri and Budi Rosmiati and Nurdin Siti and Ahmad Nita and Azhar V. Human Rights Violations in Implementation of the Seclusion Law The Law is Applied Arbitrarily to Criminalize Innocuous Behavior The Law is Applied Selectively Forced "Confessions" Other Abuses: Virginity Tests and Application of the Seclusion Law against Minors Stigmatization and Other Effects Resulting from the Prohibition against "Seclusion" Justifications for the Seclusion Law, and Some Dissenting Views VI. Community Enforcement of the "Seclusion" Law Assaults on Individuals Accused of "Seclusion" and the Inadequate Police Response Arbitrary Curfews Due process violations and arbitrary punishments Police Failure to Respond to Abuses by Community Members VII. Human Rights Violations in Enforcement of Islamic Dress Requirements A District Government Follows Suit Official Justifications for the Islamic Dress Requirements VIII. Legal Standards Sharia, National Law, and Human Rights in Indonesia International Standards : The Right to Legal Certainty ; The Right to Privacy ; Freedom of Religion ; The Prohibition against Torture ; The Prohibition against Discrimination ; The Prohibition against Arbitrary Arrest ; The Right to Enter Marriage Freely ; Human Rights Law and Virginity Tests ; The Right to a Remedy ; Human Rights Violations by Private Actors ; The Right to Due Process IX. Recommendations X. Acknowledgements.