The RAND Corporation's Gun Policy in America initiative is a unique attempt to systematically and transparently assess available scientific evidence on the real effects of firearm laws and policies. Good gun policies require consideration of many factors, including the law and constitutional rights, the interests of various stakeholder groups, and information about the likely effects of different laws or policies on a range of outcomes. This report seeks to provide the third--objective information about what the scientific literature examining gun policy can tell us about the likely effects of laws. The study synthesizes the available scientific data on the effects of various firearm policies on firearm deaths, violent crime, the gun industry, participation in hunting and sport shooting, and other outcomes. By highlighting where scientific evidence is accumulating, the authors hope to build consensus around a shared set of facts that have been established through a transparent, nonpartisan, and impartial review process. In so doing, they also illuminate areas where more and better information could make important contributions to establishing fair and effective gun policies.
"A part of the RAND gun policy in America initiative."
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note
Part A: Introductions and Methods. Introduction Methods Part B. Evidence on the Effects of 13 Policies. Background Checks Bans on the Sale of Assault Weapons and High-Capacity Magazines Stand-Your-Ground Laws Prohibitions Associated with Mental Illness Lost or Stolen Firearm Reporting Requirements Licensing and Permitting Requirements Firearm Sales Reporting and Recording Requirements Child-Access Prevention Laws Surrender of Firearms by Prohibited Possessors Minimum Age Requirements Concealed-Carry Laws Waiting Periods Gun-Free Zones Part C: Supplementary Essays on Gun Policy Mechanisms and Context. The Relationship Between Firearm Availability and Suicide The Relationship Between Firearm Prevalence and Violent Crime Firearm and Ammunition Taxes Mental Health Care Access and Suicide Education Campaigns and Clinical Interventions for Promoting Safe Storage Restricting Access to Firearms Among Individuals at Risk for or Convicted of Domestic Violence or Violent Crime Mass Shootings Defensive Gun Use The Effects of the 1996 National Firearms Agreement in Australia on Suicide, Violent Crime, and Mass Shootings Summary of Findings and Recommendations Summary and Conclusions Appendix A: Methodological Challenges to Identifying the Effects of Gun Policies Appendix B: Source Data Used to Produce the Forest Plot Figures.