Activists have exposed startling forms of labor exploitation and environmental degradation in global industries, leading many large retailers and brands to adopt standards for fairness and sustainability. This book is about the idea that transnational corporations can push these standards through their global supply chains, and in effect, pull factories, forests, and farms out of their local contexts and up to global best practices. For many scholars and practitioners, this kind of private regulation and global standard-setting can provide an alternative to regulation by territorially-bound, gridlocked, or incapacitated nation states, potentially improving environments and working conditions around the world and protecting the rights of exploited workers, impoverished farmers, and marginalized communities. But can private, voluntary standards actually create meaningful forms of regulation? Are forests and factories around the world actually being made into sustainable ecosystems and decent workplaces? Can global norms remake local orders? This book provides striking new answers by comparing the private regulation of land and labor in democratic and authoritarian settings. Case studies of sustainable forestry and fair labour standards in Indonesia and China show not only how transnational standards are implemented 'on the ground' but also how they are constrained and reconfigured by domestic governance. Combining rich multi-method analyses, a powerful comparative approach, and a new theory of private regulation, Rules without Rights reveals the contours and contradictions of transnational governance. Transformations in Governance is a major new academic book series from Oxford University Press. It is designed to accommodate the impressive growth of research in comparative politics, international relations, public policy, federalism, environmental and urban studies concerned with the dispersion of authority from central states up to supranational institutions, down to subnational governments, and side-ways to public-private networks. It brings together work that significantly advances our understanding of the organization, causes, and consequences of multilevel and complex governance. The series is selective, containing annually a small number of books of exceptionally high quality by leading and emerging scholars. The series targets mainly single-authored or co-authored work, but it is pluralistic in terms of disciplinary specialization, research design, method, and geographical scope. Case studies as well as comparative studies, historical as well as contemporary studies, and studies with a national, regional, or international focus are all central to its aims. Authors use qualitative, quantitative, formal modeling, or mixed methods. A trade mark of the books is that they combine scholarly rigour with readable prose and an attractive production style. The series is edited by Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and Walter Mattli of the University of Oxford.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Rules without Rights: Land, Labor, and Private Authority in the Global Economy; Copyright; Acknowledgments; Table of Contents; List of Figures; List of Tables; 1: Transnational Standards and Empty Spaces; Retailers to the Rescue: The Rise of Transnational Private Regulation; Markets, states, and civil society in the rise of transnational private regulation; A Cross-field, Cross-national Approach; Land and labor; CERTIFYING SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY; AUDITING LABOR STANDARDS; TOWARD A COMPARISON; Democracy and authoritarianism; THE POLITICS OF PRODUCTION IN CHINA AND INDONESIA. Researching private regulation in practiceA Shared Diagnosis and Set of Differences; Beyond forests and apparel/footwear factories; What lies ahead; 2: A Substantive Theory of Transnational Governance; The Problem of Empty Spaces;Areas of limited statehood; Orchestration, experimentation, and transnational new governance; World society theory; Filling in the spaces; From Empty Spaces to Intersections: Foundations for an Alternative Approach; Crowded spaces; Intersections with global production networks and transnational fields. THE FLOW OF RULES AND ASSURANCES THROUGH GLOBAL PRODUCTION NETWORKSSTRUCTURE AND SUBSTANCE IN TRANSNATIONAL FIELDS; A Substantive Theory of Transnational Governance: Propositions; The flow of rules and assurances; PROCESS OVER PERFORMANCE; NETWORK CONDITIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT; Intersections with domestic governance; THE POLITICAL CONSTRUCTION OF COMPLIANCE; THE CLASH OF RULES; TERRITORY, RIGHTS, AND DE-CENTERED AUTHORITY; The content of rules and fields; BEYOND LAND AND LABOR: A TYPOLOGY OF RULES; LAND OVER LABOR; WAS POLANYI WRONG? MAKING SENSE OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LAND AND LABOR. Power and scrutiny in multi-stakeholder initiativesMobility and visibility of production; Labor, environment, and the global common good; 3: Purity and Danger: The Dilemmas of Sustainable Timber in Indonesia; Certifying Violent Spaces: The Case of Perum Perhutani; From colonial conquest to certified sustainability; Suspension and redemption?; Sustainable Forestry in the Tropics: The Development and Under-development of Certification in Indonesia; Pushing Standards: The Market for Sustainable Forestry; The limits of market demand. Irreconcilable Forces? Transnational Standards and the Political Economy of Indonesian ForestsThe organization of firms and production processes; The pulp and paper giants; Problematic property: the shifting, ambiguous, and contested character of forest land; INDIGENEITY AND AUTHORITY; CONTESTED PROPERTY AS A BARRIER TO CERTIFICATION; Can Certification Repair Indonesian Forests? Accomplishments and Dilemmas; Changing practices to achieve FSC certification; Land and community rights; AUDITING RIGHTS; CERTIFYING IN CONTESTED SPACES;A CLOSER LOOK.
Digital File Characteristics
Source of Description
Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed June 20, 2018).