1 item : parchment ; 51 x 50 cm folded to 14 x 14 cm 1 item: paper ; 46 x 59 cm
Decree of excommunication issued against Riccardellus Anibaldi, or Riccardello di Mattia degli Annibaldi, by Philip, archdeacon of Tripoli on behalf of the College of Cardinals then in conclave. Annibaldi had seized the papal fortress in nearby Lariano. The decree is signed by the notary, Bonifantinus, and with his notarial seal. It is dated "Velletri, anno Natiuitatis d[om]ini mill[esim]o ducentesimo sexagesimo non[o], indict.tertiadecima mensa ottobr[e] die viii. intrante ap[osto]lica sede vacante." Purple and gold tassels still attached. Perpendicular tear and two holes partially obscure the text. Note in later hand written on verso reads "Specialis commissio Colegij Cardinalium Viterbi existentium ap[osto]lica sede vacante, super recuperatione arcis Lariani capte et detente per Riccardellum ciue Romanu rebellem et p[re]donem ad cuius arcis recuperationem ciuitas Veliterna conuocatur, anno 1269. I."
Ms. document. Title devised by cataloguer. Collation: Parchment, single sheet. Layout: Written in long lines; frame-ruled in dry-point. Script: Written in a chancery hand. Decoration: First initial decorated with pen-work. Origin: Written in Velletri, Italy in 1269. Shelfmark: Berkeley, CA, the Robbins Collection, UC Berkeley School of Law, Robbins MS doc. 100. Former shelfmark: Berkeley, CA, the Robbins Collection, UC Berkeley School of Law, Robbins MS 188.
Philip, archdeacon of Tripoli, was mostly likely born in Umbria in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century. His uncle, Raniero da Castelvecchio, served as vice chancellor of the papal chancery (1216-1219) and was named Patriarch of Antioch by Honorius III in a bull of 1219, and Philip appears to have followed his uncle into both the service of the papacy and the crusader states. He held a prebend in Trent in 1218; served as a canon in the cathedral of Antioch after 1219; as of 1225, he was a papal subdeacon; in1230, he acted as a legatine agent to Greece; in 1238, he was awarded a canonry in Byblos; in 1247 he was the procurator for the patriarch of Jerusalem; in 1248, he resigned his position in Byblos, was acting as honorary chaplain to Cardinal Hugh of St. Cher, and was a canon of Tyre; he was briefly archbishop-elect of Tyre and then cantor in Tripoli in 1250; in 1251, he was an honorary chaplain to pope Innocent IV; and by 1267, he was archdeacon of Tripoli. Philip also served as a general auditor in causes brought before the Curia. In 1269, during the papal conclave of 1268-1271, he acted on behalf of the College of Cardinals in investigating soldiers arriving in Rome and excommunicating Riccardello Annibaldi. He has been, somewhat tentatively, identified with the Philip of Tripoli responsible for translating the Secretum secretorum, attributed to Aristotle, from Arabic into Latin.
Publications About Described Materials Note
Giorgio Falco, Studi sulla storia del lazio nel medioevo, Miscellanea della Società Romana di storia patria XXIV/1, Rome, 1988, vol.1, page 68-72.
RBCAG Robbins MS doc. 100
Restrictions: Inquiries concerning this item should be directed to the reference librarian for the Robbins Collection.