"Uspect Citizens offers the most comprehensive look to date at the most common form of police-citizen interactions, the routine traffic stop. Throughout the war on crime, police agencies have used traffic stops to search drivers suspected of carrying contraband. From the beginning, police agencies made it clear that very large numbers of police stops would have to occur before an officer might interdict a significant drug shipment. Unstated in that calculation was that many Americans would be subjected to police investigations so that a small number of high-level offenders might be found. The key element in this strategy, which kept it hidden from widespread public scrutiny, was that middle-class white Americans were largely exempt from its consequences. Tracking these police practices down to the officer level, Suspect Citizens documents the extreme rarity of drug busts and reveals sustained and troubling disparities in how racial groups are treated"-- Provided by publisher.
Formatted Contents Note
1. Suspect citizens 2. A legislative mandate to address concerns about racial profiling 3. Who gets stopped 4. What happens after a stop 5. Finding contraband 6. Search and arrest patterns by officer and agency 7. Profiling hispanics, profiling blacks 8. Black political power and disparities in policing 9. Reforms that reduce alienation and enhance community safety 10. Conclusions.
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Print version: Baumgartner, Frank R., 1958- Suspect citizens. Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2018